# Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

## STEM

Educators have been called upon to put into practice the integrated instruction of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. State and national organizations encourage you to educate STEM literate students who collaborate and solve real-world problems utilizing inquiry-based materials. Delta Education is an industry leader in providing hands-on, inquiry-based curricula and technologies K–12.

Delta Education takes the position of being your educational partner. We can help you meet this STEM challenge to develop students who are competitive and set a world-class standard in college and workforce readiness. Delta representatives look forward to working to provide you with the instructional curriculum, technologies, and other resources that will complete your STEM solution.

Reaffirming and strengthening America's role as the world's engine of scientific discovery and technological innovation is essential to meeting the challenges of this century.

—President Barack Obama, November 2009

## What Makes a STEM Literate Student?

STEM literate students display their understanding of how the world works in an approach integrating the four domains of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. See below, our definitions of each domain and how they are interrelated.

Scientifically literate students understand how to use Life, Earth/Space, and Physical science content skills and processes to understand the natural world. Students understand the scientific need for existing technologies, how new advances in scientific understanding can be engineered, and how mathematics is used to communicate scientific information.

Technologically literate students understand that technology is the innovation or manipulation of our natural environmental resources that help create and satisfy human needs. Students utilize, manage, and learn to access simple to complex forms of technology/tools to solve science, mathematics, and engineering problems.

Engineering literate students understand how past, present, and future technologies are developed through engineering design processes, and how the application of science and mathematics are used to assist in the creation of these technologies.

Mathematically literate students understand how to analyze, reason, and communicate ideas effectively. They can pose, formulate, solve and interpret solutions mathematically in science, technology, and engineering situations.

## What Does STEM Instruction Look Like?

STEM instruction is an integrated/interrelated model that bridges Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics.

Through design and problem/project-based learning situations, students begin to weave their understanding of STEM into an interrelated use of skills rather than four discrete subjects.

As a result concepts once solely taught in isolation are made relevant and tangible through students' application of these interdisciplinary skills.

**Here are the four basic elements for crafting a STEM lesson:**

- Question/Problem Posed—Real-world problems/questions are posed to students.
- Inquiry-Based Lesson—Students "conduct original research" through inquiry-based and inspired lessons to test, gather, and analyze data.
- Collaborative Learning—Students work collaboratively to re-design and improve potential solutions.
- Findings Communicated—Solutions and findings are communicated to peer communities